Dislocation

dislocation

A dislocation is an injury to the joint. This injury occurs when the bones shifted in and out of its normal position in the joints . Most cases occur in a collision dislocation experienced by the joints . For example, when playing basketball or fall off the bike.

Dislocation generally occurs in the fingers and shoulders . However , other joints such as the knees , hips , elbows , and ankles may also suffer from this injury .

Symptoms Dislocation
The main symptoms of dislocation will usually look through the awkwardness that appears on the form of the joint. For example, appeared a strange lump near shell or socket joints. The joints will also experience swelling, bruising, feels very ill, and can not be moved. A tingling sensation or numbness is also sometimes appear around or below the joint is dislocated.

These injuries include emergency condition that requires medical treatment to restore bone in the position should be. Therefore, immediately to the hospital if you or your child has any of these symptoms.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Dislocation
These injuries tend to be difficult to distinguish from a fracture. In addition to checking deformed joints and blood circulation in the area, the doctor also may recommend X-ray and MRI scan to confirm the diagnosis. State of the skin in the area was also examined for the presence of open wounds.

Once you have a positive experience joint dislocation, the doctor will determine the treatment that you will live by joints dislocated and severity. Here are some countermeasures are generally done.
  • Restore bone in the position it would have to manually or called reduction measures.
  • The movement of the joints after the position of the bones returned or called immobilization. For example by using a buffer joints, usually a few weeks.
  • Operation. This procedure is needed if the restore process can not be done manually bone; be complications such as damage to blood vessels, nerves, ligaments around the location of the dislocation; or dislocations occur repeatedly.
  • The rehabilitation process. This program will be undertaken by the patient after the buffer removed and aims to train the joints so that the mobility and the strength of the injured joint can be restored.
In addition to handling professionally, there are some simple steps that we can do after joints treated by a doctor, to help the healing of injured joints. The steps are:
  • Resting the joint experiencing dislocation. Make sure you avoid the movements that trigger pain or cause injury.
  • Compress the injured joints with warm water and ice. Cold compresses can reduce inflammation and pain. While warm compresses will help relax tense muscles.
  • Using painkillers if needed, such as ibuprofen.
  • Coaching injured joints according to the instructions of a doctor or therapist. This was done to help your joints get used to the movement back and not stuffy.
Dislocation complications
If left without medical treatment, dislocations will be more severe and can cause some complications. Among these include:
  • Damage to nerves or blood vessels in or around the joints.
  • A torn muscles, ligaments, and tendons in the joints of the injured.
  • The emergence of arthritis in the joints of people with injuries as they age.
  • Increased likelihood of injury to re-occur. These complications usually occur in people with severe dislocation or occur repeatedly.
prevention of Dislocation
Be alert and careful in every activity is the main way to avoid dislocation. This step can be done by:
  • Avoid activities or movements that cause dislocation.
  • Use protection when exercising, for example a helmet when cycling.
  • Make sure your home is a child-friendly environment, for example, does not allow items scattered on the floor so that no tripping.
  • Always pay attention and keep an eye on your child.
  • Teaches caution and vigilance in your child, for example, for holding on to the banister when going up or down stairs.

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